This town was chartered in 1769 from portions of Gilsum and Westmoreland. The portion of Westmoreland added to Surry was known as Westmoreland Leg. Surry was named for Charles Howard, Earl of Surrey, Duke of Norfolk, and hereditary Earl Marshal of England. The county of Surrey in England was known for manufacture of pleasure carriages called surreys, introduced to America in 1872. Surry was one of the towns in the western part of the state that attempted to join the State of Vermont in 1781. Surry is an excellent geological area, containing quantities of quartz bearing veins of gold, silver, copper, and lead.
Population change for Surry totaled 63 over 56 years, from 362 in 1960 to 425 in 2016. The largest decennial percent change was an increase of 40 percent between 1960 and 1970; the smallest, a seven percent increase between 1990 and 2000. The 2016 Census estimate for Surry was 425 residents, which ranked 217th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns. (info from NHES website)